Mozambique authorities approved a legislation to support urban settlement planning in 2007, after more than thirty years of national independence. This framework and the uneven growth of human settlements made it urgent to provide public decision-makers, scholars and those responsible for the process of territorial planning with appropriate instruments and information.
The Structural Plan for Sussundenga (PEU) is a 10-year guiding instrument for territorial development which defines planning actions: to promote a sustainable exploration of potential ‘territorial vocation; to create conditions for the emergence and implementation of new economic activities and new population agglomerates; for the optimisation of investment, and to safeguard the current ecological interests.
One of the main challenges faced by the town of Sussundenga is the ability to plan the future urban development. The city faces a rapid demographic growth result of migration from the countryside. The introduction of a market economy accelerated the flow of rural populations to the city in the search for business opportunities and social services, such as health and education. These factors demanded the elaboration of an Urban Structure Plan. A document that will support Sussundenga orient its development and physical and socioeconomic growth; establish conditions for the improvement of life of local communities; promote areas with basic infrastructures, and ensure economic benefits resulting from growing investments and increased productivity.